The Real Don Dry Cleaners recommends in order to achieve good results with your regular wash load certain processes must be observed, controlled and carried out.
These processes vary with the nature of the fabrics to be washed and the type and degree of soiling. The following seeks to highlight principles.
Degree of loading:
Your machine must be loaded to the correct capacity. Overloading will result in inadequate cleaning whereas under- loading is inefficient and can cause greater wear on fabrics.
Composition and use of detergents:
The principle chemicals used for cleaning soiled materials are detergents and alkalis.
It is important to use properly measured quantities of these as too little will not clean properly and indeed too much will give the same result due to the excess chemicals now needing additional time from the cycle to dissolve properly.
A correct measure is particularly important when bleach is used as excess concentrations can have a serious weakening effect on fabrics.
The following will invariably be controlled by your machine’s installed washing programs but nonetheless some comment is worthwhile.
Dip levels (the amount of water in your machine at any stage) and rinsing:
The correct amount of water within the machine at any stage of the washing cycle prevents rubbing and resultant wear on your fabrics that would arise where too little water is available.
Although lower dips and therefore greater rubbing is required in the latter stages of washing in order to remove stubborn soiling, it would be wrong to suppose that excessive rubbing always gives a greater degree of soil removal.
Efficient rinsing ensures the removal of chemicals and dirt from the machine and load and therefore dip levels will be adjusted throughout the rinse stages so as to achieve this efficiently.
Too much water in a machine causes expense not only in the cost of the water but also in the energy needed and time wasted to attain the desired heat level.
It is important to use the correct washing program designed for the different fabrics.
Different fabrics and soiling types are to be washed at different and constantly varying temperatures.
Soiled whites require a controlled but generally high temperature although it should be appreciated that too high temperatures in the initial stages of such a wash, may cause certain stains to become set and very difficult to remove.
Also high temperatures may damage woollen coloured or heat sensitive articles
Thermal disinfection will only be achieved through ensuring correct temperature control.
On the one hand there must be sufficient time to allow adequate cleansing and on the other the cycle must not be prolonged unduly since this may result in soil re-deposition, unnecessary wear on the textile and in the case of coloured items fading.
It is also important that sufficient time is allowed for the draining of your machine to ensure removal of dirty water which would impact the next wash load.
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